Know Your Water and Food Needs
Your family needs water and food to survive. Knowing how much you'll
need and the proper use in advance will help you manage your emergency.
- Allow for 1 gallon of water, per person, per day for drinking and
personal care. If you have pets, include their water needs in your
- Keep at least a 3-day supply of water per person.
- Children, nursing mothers, and sick individuals may need more water.
- People in warm weather areas need more water.
- Store water in clean plastic containers such as soft drink bottles.
- If you know an emergency situation is eminent and you have time,
fill as many containers as you can with water, including bathtubs.
- As a last resort, the water contained in your water heater can be
filtered through several layers of cotton (a tee-shirt will do the
trick) and used.
- If water supplies run low, never ration water. Drink the amount you need today, and try to find more for tomorrow.
- Store at least a 3-day supply of non-perishable food.
- Choose foods that do not require refrigeration, preparation, and
cook with little or no water.
- Pack a manual can opener and eating utensils, like forks, knives,
- Choose foods your family will eat:
- Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits and vegetables
- Protein or fruit bars
- Dry cereal or granola
- Peanut butter
- Dried fruit
- Canned juices
- Non-perishable pasteurized milk
- High-energy foods
- Food for infants
- Comfort/stress foods
- Try to avoid salty foods as this will increase your thirst.
- Individuals with special diets and allergies will need special attention, as will babies, toddlers and the elderly. Be sure to take their needs into consideration.
Click here to download a Be Prepared to Stay and Emergency Supply Kit Checklist to help you get started in your emergency preparedness efforts.